In September 2019, “Howdy Modi”, a program was held in Houston, Texas in America to strengthen relations with Narendra Modi.
On 24th and 25th February 2020, at Motera Stadium in Ahmedabad, a program was held in India to mark good relations with Donald Trump.
These steps taken by Trump and Modi clearly portrayed that they were advertising each other for elections in their respective countries. Moreover, through “Namaste Trump” program it was clear that Modi predicted Trump to win the US Elections 2020 which would be profitable for India’s future.
As Joseph Biden wins the US Elections 2020 as the 46th President, everything India had expected reversed. When Joe Biden takes up the post of President on 20th January, 2021, how India’s relations would be modified with US? Every intellectual brain brings assumptions and this article will sum up everything.
India’s relations with the US in the past
Close relations with the USSR during the Cold War, weathered India’s relations with the US. In 1949, Nehru, visited the US. The trip preceded India’s decision to be the founding member of the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM).
US civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. arrived India for a month-long tour, inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent struggle for the national independence. In 1959, Dwight Eisenhower, was the first president of the US to visit India. He addressed the parliament and met with Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Jawaharlal Nehru.
As the time rolled on, India developed good relations with the US. When India fought border war with China in 1962, Washington supported India, recognizing, McMahon line as the border.
However, the US had strong bonds with Pakistan back then. In the 1965 India-Pakistan war, strategic and military ties between Delhi and Washington remained closed. In the 1971 war with Pakistan, the US sided with Islamabad, despite Pakistan Army’s violence against its own citizens. To protect its interests, India signed a twenty-year Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with the Soviet Union, deviating its position of non-aligned nation.
In 1974, as India launched, Smiling Buddha (Pokhran-1), it became the first nation outside the five-permanent nation of the United Nation Security Council (UNSC) to launch a nuclear device. This infuriated the US, which further sowed the seeds of estrangement between the two countries for about a decade.
In 1978, the US enacted Non-Proliferation Act, which required the countries not included in the Non-Proliferation Treaty to allow inspections of all nuclear facilities by International Atomic Energy Agency. India again showed its non-cooperation by its refusal. As a result, Washington ended all assistances to Delhi.
In 1982, Indira Gandhi’s meet with Ronald Reagan, the then president of the US, ended with increased cooperation between the countries. Two years later, the American President, George Bush made a high-level visit to New Delhi.
The Pokhran-2 by India in 1998, badly damaged India’s relations with the US. President Bill Clinton, imposed economic sanctions on India.
However, in the Kargil War in 1999, the US-supported India.
President Clinton’s visit to India ended the decades-long estrangement between India and the US. In 2001, under George Bush’s administration lifted all sanctions from India.
As a Prime Minister, Mr. Modi has advanced good steps of friendship towards the US.
In 2016, Obama recognized India as a major defense partner.
In 2018, during the ‘2+2’ dialogue, ‘Communication Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA)’ was signed between India and the US. This gives India access to advanced communications technology used in US defense equipment and allows real-time information sharing between the two countries militaries.
The US has also updated India’s status as a ‘developed country’ which resulted in lesser financial concessions from the US to India.
Recently, in the ‘2+2’ dialogue, the Basic Exchange Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA) was signed between India and the US. This is the final of the three basic agreements that US signs with close partners, enabling the exchange of sensitive and classified information.
What would be India’s relations with Biden?
Though the Trump-era was beneficial to India, the US population and countries like Mexico suffered great losses due to his irrational and aggressive steps.
Biden, comes with promises and assurances. He said that his center of attention will be the whole of America, not only the parts which made him win (unlike Trump).
According to the analysts, Trump and Biden have almost similar aims. When Joseph Biden was the Vice-President of America, he said that Americans Indians were an important part of America. He praised India’s secularism and the varied culture people had from North to South and from East to West.
Biden is sceptic towards the CAA. He is also against the abrogation of Article 370. As India claims the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan occupied Kashmir, it is expected that he would have a tilt towards Pakistan. However, his intrusion won’t be unreasonable, as this is India’s personal affair.
On the China-India issue, it is expected that Biden would help India, instead of clubbing the two together.
Barack Obama signed the Paris Climate Accord in 2015, to raise funds and help the developing countries to adapt climate change and transition to clean energy. This was non-legally binding on the developed countries. However, Trump withdrew from the Paris Accord, saying that it was just a waste of money.
Biden here comes with a promise to rejoin the Paris Climate Accord. This would be a great help to India in facing the poor air quality and climate change issue.
India’s relationship with the USA has been very important. As said by President Obama, India’s relation with the Us, ‘will be one of the defining partnerships of the 21st Century’.
Author:- Shubhanshi from team invertedmirror.com