Air Pollution


~Stop polluting air before it stops your breathe.

The Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th century could be marked as an origination
of Air Pollution.The urban air pollution reached very high level when coal was not only
used for the industrial purposes but also for domestic purposes.

“The Great London Smog of 1952″,which resulted in around 4000 deaths in the city led
to the introduction of the Clean Air Act of 1956 and 1968.”

It was in the 1990s when deterioration of air quality in Indian cities took place despite of
strong legislation on pollution control during the 1980s, which included the Air
(Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act,1981 and the Environment (Protection)Act,

India was the 5th most polluted country in 2019,with Ghaziabad in the NCR ranked as
most polluted city.

It took Covid 19 lockdown to let people experience clean air once again but the unlock
phase has reversed the experience.
“The State of Global Air 2020 report, has two warnings for India.”
● India recorded the highest annual average PM 2.5 concentration exposure in the
world in 2019.
What is PM2.5?
“PM stands for particulate matter, while the number refers to the size of the particles.
So, PM2.5 is like extremely fine dust whose particles are just 2.5 microns wide — that’s
thirty times smaller than the width of a human hair.” Long exposure to PM2.5 can cause
asthma and heart conditions. Being tiny, they can travel through the bloodstream and
reach the heart.
● Secondly, the country has had the worst levels of PM 2.5 levels in the world for
the last decade.
Major Causes:-
● Continuous burning of crop stubble in Punjab,Haryana and UP since Farm fires is
an easy way to get rid of paddy stubble quickly and at low cost.
17-26% of all particulate matter in Delhi in winter is because of Biomass Burning.

● Manufacturing industries release a large amount of carbon monoxide,
hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and chemicals into the air, thereby
exhausting the quality of air.
● Vehicular Pollution in big cities has become a serious problem.Pollutants
released by vehicles causes quick and long-term effects on the environment.
To know more about Vehicular Pollution click here.


AQI(Air Quality Index)

According to (CPCB) Central pollution control board, the AQI of Delhi was marked as
345 which belonged to ‘red’ category and this level of pollution can cause respiratory
illness on prolonged exposure.
Report said, the pollution is leading to harmful impact on the health of the people. In
2019, over 116,000 infants in India died within a month after birth due to exposure to
severe air pollution.To know about your city AQI visit  here.

Government Initiatives to Combat Air Pollution:-


GRAP has been enforced in the NCR city on 15th October 2020.
SC appointed Environmet Pollution(Prevention and Control) Authority to implement the
GRAP measures.

● GRAP is a set of emergency measures to be taken to reduce air pollution
including odd- even vehicle rationing policy depending on the level of pollution.To
know about odd-even vehicle policy click here.
● If pollution further increases, the GRAP measures under “severe” or” emergency”
category will kick in.
It will include:
● Stopping entry of trucks into Delhi.
● Stopping construction activities.
● Implementation of odd-even scheme.

2. Delhi government has been carrying out an anti-dust campaign and has imposed
fines as high has rupees 50 lakh on a single violation.

3. According to Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal, the Delhi Government has also described 13
pollution hotspots across the capital for which specific plans are underway.
Environment Minister Gopal Rai said that the scheme of odd-even will be the “last
weapon” only if everything fails.

Transport Secretary Cum-Commissioner Manisha Saxena announced Electric Vehicle
policy under which incentives and benefits will be given to those buying electric
CM Arvind Kejriwal also launched the “Green Delhi” mobile application using which
citizens can bring pollution-causing activities to the government notice.

New Commission of 2020.

The union enviornment ministry has published “The Commission for Air Quality
Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Area Ordinance 2020”. The
Commission will be a statutory authority that will replace the 22-year-old SC mandated
environment pollution control authority(EPCA)which has introduced several important
measures to control the air Pollution. Among the most significant intervention was
converting all public transport in Delhi to (CNG) compressed natural gas in 1998 and
imposing pollution charge on old polluting trucks.

The new Commission will have power to issue directions to various statutory authority
established under various laws.

Air pollution is one of the biggest threats for the environment. The best way to protect
air quality is to reduce the emission of pollutants by changing to cleaner fuels and
processes.If you want to know other measures to control air Pollution click

If Air Pollution is not controlled by 2030 there might be a scenario where people would
use oxygen kit to breathe easily. Hence , it’s high time to think about it and keep both
indoor and outdoor air healthy and fresh.

Author:- Kriti Priya from team

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